RUTA PATRIMONIO HISTORICO
For the beginner visitor, that wants a global memory of Segovia
We propose you a walk, not more than two hours and a half, along this city, starting at its millennial Roman Aquaduct up to its Citadel, guiding you through the most representative monuments.
HERITAGE OF THE WORLD
The inscription deserved Segovia in the List of World Patrimony in the year 1985 for grouping exceptional monuments and illustrating a complex historical reality from Roman epoch until Gothic epoch. Its Aqueduct was one of the most important of the Roman world not only for its trip, of almost 15. 000 meters, but for being in the admirable conservation state. Segovia emphasizes also for the stamp that they left the different cultures that inhabited it, represented in the monuments, and for constituting the most abundant Romanesque set of Europe.
The Roman Aqueduct constructed about 50 A. D. , is considered to be one of the best works of civil engineering of Spain. It was designed to take water of the river Acebeda to the high part of the city. The Aqueduct has a 14. 956 meters trip in which there exist 166 arches of granitic stone and 20. 400 stones blocks joined by a balance of forces, which in the highest area comes to 29 meters. The granite stones are placed without mortar, do not have union connection, they are supported in balance thanks to a system of propulsions and gravity. The Aqueduct has been supported in assets across the centuries and perhaps for that reason it has come to our days in conservation perfect condition.
With regard to the occupation of the city of Segovia, the absence of Moslem archaeological remains and the existence of one of the richest Romanesque sets of Europe they support the theses of the historians who support that the city was left after the invasion Islamic and repopulated from the final years of the XIth century. Since then until our days he has been a witness of occurring of the history. The population of the walled enclosure was settling in quarters concerning parishes, existing population nuclei grouped for economic, social or religious reasons. In the medieval city Moslem were living, Jews and Christians. The expulsion of not converted Jews favoured the construction of the new Cathedral in the XVIth century. Also, throughout the XVIth and XVIIth centuries the city is adorned by small palaces of emergent noble families, converted Jews and manufacturers of cloths, which show the class fame by means of fronts with big lintels, escutcheons, ashlars of granite and courtyards and gardens of Renaissance lines. The current tracing survives practically equally to that of four centuries ago, with an urban morphology and a medieval tracing of streets. The finished ones and revetments have been adorned with “esgrafiados” with big variety of colours and forms.
Between the monuments he emphasizes the Citadel of the XIth century, which crowns the city and one lifts on a rural rock, between the rivers Eresma and Clamores, the Gothic cathedral of the XVIth, the Romanesque buildings like the churches of Saint John of the Gentlemen, the St Lawrence or the Veracruz, between many others, and the civil constructions, arches, fronts and courtyards.
For the beginner visitor that wants a global memory of Segovia.
We propose to you a walk of not more than two hours and a half along this city, beginning for its millennial Roman Aqueduct up to its Citadel, showing you the monuments most representative of the same one over the course of time.